Discourse? It’s basically a social practice. A way of communication that goes beyond the simple act of speaking and delves into the presentation and mannerisms that accompany language. Certain types of discourses are more accepted in one area than another. Time and place has just as much to do with communication as does the actual act of speaking. Discourses are how humans build relationships, and intertwine their beliefs.
Secondary discourses are the things that come after your primary. If primary discourses are the foundation to your communication skills, secondary discourses are the layers stacked upon it to build the house. As it would suggest, secondary discourses rely on your initial discourse. Secondary discourses have two layers, the dominant and the non-dominant. This differential is decided based on situation and audience. Anyone who tries to enter a discourse may face rejection and isolation from the already-members. If their secondary discourse is not a match with the rest of the group, there tends to be exclusion.
Being in the dominant discourse makes the everyday life a breeze. This membership raises your status, money, and prestige (Gee 8).
On the flip side, having connections to the non-dominant discourse allows for a select social circle that likely won’t influence status and goods.
How to get in if there’s no mentor in sight? This is where mush-faking comes in handy. If you already have a discourse that is similar enough in your pocket, you can apply it to your current situations. Eventually after enough time faking it, playing the role, one tends to morph into the actual role.
When there is no correlations between discourses someone possesses and a discourse they are trying to get into, they face difficulties. Two separate discourses could be potentially as different as two different languages. Fortunately, like languages, trace resemblances can be found. It’s just insanely difficult and should be impossible without a mentor to guide you in. Someone there to ‘translate.’
Mush-faking, something previously mention, is when one takes discourses that they are familiar with it and attempt to blend in with a discourse that they are not yet fluent in.
Meta-knowledge is the fancier way of saying knowledge about knowledge. It’s beneficial for a number of reasons, the main one being that knowing about something often leads to a deeper awareness. It allows someone to know how knowing works.